Realtime sync for every application

 

Replicache make it easy to add realtime collaboration, instant UI, and offline support to web apps. It works with any backend stack.

 

Benefits

Realtime Multiuser Collaboration. Popularized by apps like Google Docs, Figma, and Notion, realtime collaboration is awesome, but famously hard to build. Replicache makes it easy. Finally.

Works with any backend. Replicache is primarily a client-side solution, that works against any standard backend stack. Your database remains the source of truth.

Instant UI. By executing all reads and writes against a local cache, apps built with Replicache respond immediately, without waiting for the server. It even works if the app is...

Offline. Replicache persists its cache to local storage, so apps boot and render instantly — online, offline, or anything in between.

Transactional Conflict Resolution. Conflicts are a fact of life when syncing, but they don't have to be exceptionally painful. Replicache rewinds and replays your transactions during sync, sort of like git rebase for application state. It's the easiest way to deal with conflicts that is...

Correct. Replicache is designed to provide Causal+ Consistency, which is one of the strongest consistency models possible in a synchronizing system. Our design has been reviewed by independent distributed systems expert Kyle Kingsbury of Jepsen.

How it Works

Overview

Replicache is an on-device cache with a server-side replica.

Changes are allowed at either replica. Changes made on the server side are pushed to the client when connectivity allows, and vice versa.

Replicache provides a programming model that makes it easy to reason about and resolve conflicting changes, and ensures that device state always ends up consistent with server state.

①  Read Data

replicache.subscribe(
  async (tx) => {
    const todos = [];
    for await (const todo of tx.scan({ prefix: "/todo/" })) {
      todos.push(todo);
    }
    return todos;
  },
  {
    onData: (todos) => {
      this.setState({ todos });
    },
  }
);

Read directly from the local replica with zero network delays using query().

Easily build realtime applications using subscribe(). Whenever the underlying data changes — either due to remote or local changes — the affected views refresh automatically and consistently.

②  Write Data

const createTodo = replicache.register(
  "create-todo",
  async (tx, args) => {
    const { id, text, complete } = args;
    await tx.put(`/todo/${id}`, { text, complete });
  }
);
await createTodo({
  id: uuid(),
  text: this.state.todoText,
  complete: false,
});

To make changes on the client, register a mutator.

Replicache executes the mutator immediately against the local cache. Subscriptions re-fire, and views are instantly updated with the pending change.

③  Upstream Sync

POST /replicache-batch HTTP/2
Host: myservice.com

{
  "clientID": "CB94867E-94B7-48F3-A3C1-287871E1F7FD",
  "mutations": [
    {
      "id": 7,
      "name": "createTodo",
      "args": {
        "id": "AE2E880D-C4BD-473A-B5E0-29A4A9965EE9",
        "title": "Fix the car",
        "complete": false
      }
    },
    {
      "id": 8,
      "name": "toggleComplete",
      "args": {
        "id": "5C2F21E8-A9CC-4DA8-91D6-97D2D1F7CECF",
        "done": true
      }
    }
  ]
}
HTTP/2 200 
Content-Type: application/json

[
  {
    "id": 8,
    "error": "specified todo not found"
  }
]

Batches of pending write transactions are sent to the /replicache-batch endpoint on your service as connectivity allows. These requests are delayed, but otherwise normal. Your service defensively checks for conflicts, and ignores, modifies, or rejects the request as normal.

④, ⑤  Downstream Sync

POST /replicache-device-view HTTP/2
Host: myservice.com
Authorization: Bearer 51857000befac83d338df7661d00d81011d7fb10

HTTP/2 200
Content-Type: application/json

{
  "lastMutationID": 6,
  "/todo/39B224C1-1DBE-48D2-B89D-1DC4BA9821AA": {
    "text": "Take out the garbage",
    "done": false
  },
  "/todo/77173E44-C620-429C-9CD1-16548D58A94A": {
    "text": "Feed the dog",
    "done": true
  }
}

The server replica requests the latest state from your service's /replicache-client-state endpoint. Just return all data that should be in a user's cache (up to 20MB of JSON) every time. Replicache computes a minimal diff and pushes it to the device.

The Repicache client rewinds the cache to the point before sync started, integrates the diff, and then replays any remaining unacknowledged changes on top.

The final state is revealed to the UI atomically, subscriptions re-fire, and the UI refreshes.

Who's Behind This?

Aaron Boodman

Hi, I'm Aaron Boodman (I'm the big one).

I've been working on sync on and off for over fifteen years, including major projects at Google and my last startup.

I pushed eject on Silicon Valley last year and moved my family out to Oahu to try and better balance life, work, and family.

Fritz Schneider

I'm Fritz Schneider.

In previous lives I worked at Google (twice), and on various startups, including the last one with Aaron.

I live on Maui, a few rocks over from Oahu, which makes us, officially, a  ✨distributed company✨.

Erik Arvidsson

👋 Erik Arvidsson here.

I've worked at Google (Chrome, Blink, V8, Gmail), then Attic Labs with Aaron and Fritz, and most recenly at Quip.

I live in San Francisco with wife, kids and cats.

We're building a small, sustainable software partnership. No VC financing, no rocket ship growth expectations. Just high-quality software, sold at a fair price.

Price

🛹🚴🏽‍♀️🏎🚀
Clients< 100< 10k< 100k
PriceFree$1k/mo$5k/mo$20k/mo
SupportBasicBasicPrioritizedPrioritized

Fine Print

  • A client is a unique instance of the Replicache client running on a device. For example, if a user runs your application on their phone, tablet, and on Firefox and Chrome on their computer, that would be four clients.
  • The number of clients is calculated on an monthly active basis.
  • Additional charges may apply for more than 600 syncs/day/client, or more than 100k clients total, on our hosted Diff Server.
  • The Client View is currently limited to 5 MB Brotli-compressed JSON (if this is a deal-breaker for you please let us know).

Get Started Now

Start with Replicache right now for free. Only pay once you have over 100 clients.

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